السياحي

عيد شم النسيم في مصر

أقدم أعياد الفرعونية توارثته الأجيال

إعداد :عمرو  محمود كامل

عيد شهر النسيم من الأعياد النادرة التي توارثته الأجيال منذ العصر الفرعوني الى الوقت الحالي إلى أن أصبح عيدا شعبيا تحتفل بها كل الطوائف المصرية مسلمة ومسيحية منذ أكثر من خمسة آلاف عام في أجواء من الفرح والسعادة.و هو
أقدم عيد شعبي في العالم يفتخر به المصريين باعتباره عيدا خاصا بهم وبغض النظر عن عقائدهم الدينية وكانوا أيضا يعتقدون أن هذا اليوم هو الذي يتساوى فيه الليل والنهار وان ذلك اليوم هو أول الزمان أو بدء خلق العالم.
كانت طقوس “شم النسيم” عند المصري القديم تبدأ مع الاستيقاظ مبكرا طبقا للعادة الفرعونية التي تقول “انه من تشرق عليه الشمس في هذا اليوم وهو في فراشه يلازمه الخمول طول العام ” وهي عادة كانت تأصل قيمة الاستيقاظ مبكرا في حياة الفرد. فبعد الاستيقاظ مبكرا يأتي دور “شم البصل” وهو طقس ما زال يقوم به الناس في ريف مصر عن طريق الاستنشاق للبصل الأخضر وفي الصباح الباكر يدعك بها انفه حتى تتساقط الدموع من عينيه فيزول الخمول والكسل طوال العام. البصل بصفة خاصة له أهمية عند المصريين القدماء وحتى وقتنا هذا فهو بالنسبة لهم طارد للأرواح الشريرة ومضاد جيد للأمراض.

شم النسيم

. موعد حلول شهر شم النسيم˸

لم يكن موعد شم النسيم محددا في البداية، حيث كان يتم الاحتفال به بين منتصف مارس وأوائل مايو تقريبا، لكن تقارب موعده مع موعد الصيام الكبير للمسيحيين الذي يمنع فيه تناول اللحوم والأسماك أدى إلى تحديد باليوم التالي لعيدا لقيامة الذي يحتفل به المسيحيون كل عام وغالبا ما يكون في نهاية الربيع وبداية شهر الصيف ودائما ما يوافق يوم الاثنين.
طقوس الاحتفال بهذا العيد مختلفة عن بقية أعياد المصريين، اذ يتناولون فيه مأكولات غريبة مثل البيض الملون والسمك المملح والفسيخ والرنجة المحضر والمعد منذ أشهر سابقة في كميات هائلة من الملح إلى جانب البصل و الخس ويرمز كل نوع من هذه المأكولات إلى اعتقاد معين لدى الفراعنة حيث يرمز إلى خلق الحياة والخس الى قدوم الربيع والبصل إلى إرادة الحياة والتغلب على المرض وحتى الأرنب الذي يأكلوه على شكل شكولاتة يرمز إلى آله الخصوبة لما يتمتع به الأرنب من القدرة على الإنجاب.

شم النسيم 1

46 تعليق

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